Faunal diversity of spider families Dictynidae, Dysderidae, Eresidae and (Araneomorphae: Araneae: Arachnida) in India
Akhilesh Sharma, Garima Singh and Rajendra Singh
Received on: 10/29/2020
Revised on: 12/07/2020
Accepted on: 12/10/2020
Published on: 01/22/2021
Akhilesh Sharma, Garima Singh and Rajendra Singh ( 2021).
Faunal diversity of spider families Dictynidae, Dysderidae, Eresidae and (Araneomorphae: Araneae: Arachnida) in India. International Journal of Zoology and Applied Biosciences, 6( 1), 1-9.
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The present article deals with the faunal diversity of four families of araeneomorph spiders, viz. Dictynidae, Dysderidae, Eresidae and Filistatidae (Araneae: Arachnida) in different Indian states and union territories. None of the spider species of these families is recorded from Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, and northeast India (Arunchal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura). Two families Dictynidae and Filistatidae are represented by 16 and 13 species, respectively. Other families are very poorly represented, single species in Dysderidae and five species in Eresidae. However, the species of Eresidae are widely distributed in the country, particularly, Stegodyphus sarasinorum Karsch, 1892. Maximum number of spider species were recorded in Maharashtra (15 species) followed by Gujarat (14 species), Jammu & Kashmir (8 species), Tamil Nadu (7 species), Karnataka, Kerala and Madhya Pradesh (6 species each), Rajasthan (5 species) and less number in other states and union territories. Of the 31 species from these four families, 17 species are endemic to India.
Spiders, Faunal Diversity, Dictynidae, Dysderidae, Eresidae, Filistatidae, India, Checklist.