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International Journal of Zoology and Applied Biosciences

Year : 2021 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 1-9

doi:

Faunal diversity of spider families Dictynidae, Dysderidae, Eresidae and (Araneomorphae: Araneae: Arachnida) in India

Akhilesh Sharma, Garima Singh and Rajendra Singh

Received on: 10/29/2020

Revised on: 12/07/2020

Accepted on: 12/10/2020

Published on: 01/22/2021

  • Akhilesh Sharma, Garima Singh and Rajendra Singh ( 2021).

    Faunal diversity of spider families Dictynidae, Dysderidae, Eresidae and (Araneomorphae: Araneae: Arachnida) in India

    . International Journal of Zoology and Applied Biosciences, 6( 1), 1-9.

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Abstract

The present article deals with the faunal diversity of four families of araeneomorph spiders, viz. Dictynidae, Dysderidae, Eresidae and Filistatidae (Araneae: Arachnida) in different Indian states and union territories. None of the spider species of these families is recorded from Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, and northeast India (Arunchal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura). Two families Dictynidae and Filistatidae are represented by 16 and 13 species, respectively. Other families are very poorly represented, single species in Dysderidae and five species in Eresidae. However, the species of Eresidae are widely distributed in the country, particularly, Stegodyphus sarasinorum Karsch, 1892. Maximum number of spider species were recorded in Maharashtra (15 species) followed by Gujarat (14 species), Jammu & Kashmir (8 species), Tamil Nadu (7 species), Karnataka, Kerala and Madhya Pradesh (6 species each), Rajasthan (5 species) and less number in other states and union territories. Of the 31 species from these four families, 17 species are endemic to India.

Keywords

Spiders, Faunal Diversity, Dictynidae, Dysderidae, Eresidae, Filistatidae, India, Checklist.