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International Journal of Zoology and Applied Biosciences

Year : 2020 | Volume: 5 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 12-21

doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3668840

Biotechnology products and techniques for combatting the menace of flies and odour in animal production: A review                  

Arogbodo, J.O. And Adekolurejo, O.O.

Received on: 01/01/2020

Revised on: 02/07/2020

Accepted on: 02/10/2020

Published on: 02/13/2020

  • Arogbodo, J.O. And Adekolurejo, O.O.( 2020).

    Biotechnology products and techniques for combatting the menace of flies and odour in animal production: A review                  

    . International Journal of Zoology and Applied Biosciences, 5( 1), 12-21.

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Abstract

The geometrical increase in the population of poultry (broilers, breeders, cockerels, turkeys, layers etc) and other livestock produced annually has led to the increased tonnage of animals’ droppings/dung which eventually metamorphosised into breeding ground for flies and ammonia-build up. Flies are real nuisance, causing economic loss to poultry and other livestock farmers worldwide. The fact that one adult fly couple can produce about 76 million flies in six weeks indicates the essentiality of flies control in livestock farms. Many pathogens are equally associated with fly, causing diseases like; Salmonellosis, Colibacillosis, Chronic respiratory disease (CRD) etc. Ammonia is a corrosive chemical substance that its toxic effects can be serious enough to cause permanent blindness, lung disease, or death both in man and animals. Various methods were used in time past to combat farm odour and flies (Insecticides and pesticides), but these methods presented their own limitations and disadvantages. The advent of biotechnology ushered in products (e.g. cyromazine and ammoblast) and techniques (impermeable covers, permeable covers, acidification, diet manipulation etc.) that can make animal husband man heave a sigh of relief because they are safe and eco-friendly. The untold negative effects of flies and odour on animal’s health (poultry, large animals, micro-livestock etc), farm attendants and the environment at large call for urgent attention and effective lasting solution.

Keywords

Flies, Odour, Biotechnology, Ammoblast, Cyromazine.