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International Journal of Zoology and Applied Biosciences

Year : 2019 | Volume: 4 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 146-154

doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3356795

Survey and partial characterization of agglutinins in the hepatopancreas extract of three marine gastropods, Trochus radiatus (Gmelin, 1791), Turbinella pyrum  (Linnaeus, 1767) and Babylonia zeylanica (Brugu

Thana Lakshmi, K.

Received on: 06/22/2019

Revised on: 07/17/2019

Accepted on: 07/19/2019

Published on: 07/30/2019

  • Thana Lakshmi, K. ( 2019).

    Survey and partial characterization of agglutinins in the hepatopancreas extract of three marine gastropods, Trochus radiatus (Gmelin, 1791), Turbinella pyrum  (Linnaeus, 1767) and Babylonia zeylanica (Brugu

    . International Journal of Zoology and Applied Biosciences, 4( 4), 146-154.

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Abstract

Pesticides are used in agriculture for centuries for eradication of unwanted insects and controlling disease vectors. The term pesticide encompasses a group of chemical compounds used to eliminate or control of pests. These pesticides through the process of biomagnification increase their concentration at the top trophic level of the food chain, including the in humans. Gambusia affinis was subjected to sub lethal concentrations of cyfluthrin and fenvalerate from 24 to 96 hours Acetylcholinesterase enzyme involved in the maintenance of the structural and functional integrity of cellular membranes. For normal behaviour and muscular function AChE activity is vital. In the present investigation there is marked decrease in AChE activity in the gill, liver, kidney and brain tissues is observed, when the fish Gambusia affinis is exposed to the cyflthrin and fenvalerate. The intensity of inhibition of AChE activity might also correlated with the degree of accumulation of pesticide and their metabolite in different organs.

Keywords

Pesticides, Acetylcholinesterase enzyme, Decrease, tissues, Gambusia affinis.