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International Journal of Zoology and Applied Biosciences

Year : 2018 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 358-361

doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1346794

Utilization of house hold refuse-lab scale compost demonstration

Vasudevan K., Elangovan J., Ganesan A, Senthilmurugan S, and P.Vijayan

Received on: 07/04/2018

Revised on: 07/27/2018

Accepted on: 08/10/2018

Published on: 08/17/2018

  • Vasudevan K., Elangovan J., Ganesan A, Senthilmurugan S, and P.Vijayan( 2018).

    Utilization of house hold refuse-lab scale compost demonstration

    . International Journal of Zoology and Applied Biosciences, 3( 4), 358-361.

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Abstract

The process of composting house hold refuse- fruits, vegetable and food waste (FVFW) has been studied using four different combination condition for formation of the compost;  Perforated plastic vessel  was designed as a complete house hold Aerobic Compost Reactor(ACR) - Aerobic compost reactor covered by plastic bins provided with insect screen fixed for ventilation with lid. First group ACR – for composting FVFW with compost accelerator microbes (ACR-CA), second group FVFW with cow dung (ACR-CD) and Third group FVFW- cow dung with soil mixture (ACR-CDS), and fourth group FVFW with water sprinkled (ACR-W).  The ACR were loaded with FVFW waste for 7 days and then allowed for 65 days for compost maturation.  Composting is a controlled process comprises mesosphilic and thermophilic phases involving numerous microbial communities. All the four combinations of ACR values of temperature ranged from 22.8*c to 68.6*c, maximum temperature was recorded on twentieth day in ACR-CD and ACR-CDS.   The compost/mulch was analyzed at two stages, on 30th and 65 days, the physical and chemical characteristics of compost are determined.  The results suggests ACR-CA, ACR-CDS found more efficient combination for producing FVFW compost; Thus it proves efficient, cost effective, eco-friendly and nuisance free and ideal for residential areas for the management of house hold waste.

Keywords

Fruits, Vegetable, Food Wastes, Composting.